Paul III

   Paul was born Alessandro Farnese. He became a Cardinal-Deacon in 1493; he was dean of the Sacred College under Pope Leo X and he was elected Pope in 1534. He cannot be described as a saintly figure. Despite the injunction to clerical celibacy, he was the father of three sons and a daughter and he was much given to promoting his own relations to senior positions within the Church. None the less he is primarily remembered for the significant reforms which took place within the Church during his reign. He restored the Inquisition; he approved the setting up of new orders such as the Jesuits and the Ursulines and, as a result of his determination, the first session of the Council of Trent opened in 1545. Although he failed to stem the tide of Protestantism, he must be regarded as a preliminary architect of the Counter- Reformation. In addition he was a great patron of art and learning. He appointed michelangelo as architect-in-chief to St Peter’s Cathedral and he did much to improve the Vatican Library.
   A.G. Dickens, The Counter Reformation, 2nd edn (1989).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paul III —     Pope Paul III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Paul III     (ALESSANDRO FARNESE).     Born at Rome or Canino, 29 Feb., 1468; elected, 12 Oct., 1534; died at Rome, 10 Nov., 1549. The Farnese were an ancient Roman family whose possessions… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PAUL III — PAUL III, ALESSANDRO FARNÈSE (1468 1549) pape (1534 1549) Élevé à Rome et à la cour de Laurent le Magnifique à Florence, nommé cardinal à vingt cinq ans par Alexandre VI, en 1493, Alessandro Farnèse cumulait de nombreux bénéfices ecclésiastiques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul III — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alessandro Farnese et Cardinal Farnèse. Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Maison Farnèse. Paul III Pape de l’Église catholique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul III. — Papst Paul III., Gemälde von Tizian Wappen von Papst Paul III …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul III — (Alessandro Farnese) 1468 1549, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1534 49. * * * orig. Alessandro Farnese born Feb. 29, 1468, Canino, Papal States died Nov. 10, 1549, Rome Pope (1534–49). The son of a noble Tuscan family, he was made a cardinal deacon… …   Universalium

  • Paul III — (Alessandro Farnese; r. 1534 1549)    Paul III was born in Canino in the province of Viterbo in 1468 and received a humanist education in Rome, Florence, and Pisa. He obtained the post of cardinal deacon in 1493 from Pope Alexander VI whose… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Paul III — /pɔl/ (say pawl) noun (Alessandro Farnese), 1468–1549, Italian ecclesiastic; pope 1534–49 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Paul III — noun Italian pope from 1534 to 1549 who excommunicated Henry VIII of England in 1538 and initiated the Council of Trent in 1545; was active in the Counter Reformation and promoted the Society of Jesus for this purpose (1468 1549) • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Paul III, Pope — • Pope who reigned from 1468 to 1534 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paul III. Anton Fürst Esterházy — Fürst Paul III. Anton Esterhazy von Galantha Paul III. Anton, Fürst Esterházy de Galantha (* 10. März 1786 in Wien; † 21. Mai 1866 in Regensburg) war Diplomat und ungarischer Staatsmann im Dienste der Habsburger. Paul III. Anton trat in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.